The Hazard Perception Test forms the second section of the driving theory test and must be passed at the same time as the multiple choice theory questions test. If you are taking a theory test for a LGV / PCV (lorry or bus) licence, then the two tests are taken separately.
Video clips are about one minute each
This part of the theory test for the car and motorcycle requires you to view 14 clips of approximately one minute each. You are required to watch these clips as if you were the driver. There will be 15 hazards to find - at least one on each clip. However, one clip will have 2 hazards.
The theory test for LGV or PCV (lorry or bus) requires you to view 19 hazard video clips and there will be 20 hazards to find.
The hazard perception test clips will not contain any sound.
You should react to the hazards
The clips feature various types of hazard, such as vehicles, pedestrians, bicycles, and road conditions. You should respond by pressing a mouse button as soon as you see a hazard developing that may result in the driver having to take some action, such as changing speed or direction. This is usually when you would check your mirrors when driving. The earlier the developing hazard is spotted, and a response made, the higher your score.
You should click either the left or right mouse button whenever you can see a hazard developing.
Look for these hazards:
- - Pedestrians or cyclists crossing the road.
- - Vehicles emerging from side roads, parking places, or driveways.
- - Large vehicles moving over to your side of the road.
- - Meeting oncoming vehicles on narrow roads, or where other obstructions or slow moving vehicles make the road narrow.
- - Loose pets and farmyard animals.
- - Changes in the traffic movement and volume.
- - Junctions and roundabouts.
- - Horse riders.
- - Adverse weather conditions.
- - Poor road surfaces.
- - Parked vehicles.
- - Hidden junctions & turns.
Score and pass mark
You can score between 0 and 5 on each hazard and the test contains 15 scoreable hazards.
The pass mark for this part of the test is 44 out of 75 (i.e. 15 hazards x 5) for car drivers and motorcycle riders.
The LGV or PCV (lorry or bus) hazard perception test contains 20 scoreable hazards. The pass mark is 67 out of 100.
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