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Driving theory test by The Driver & Vehicle Standards Agency (DVSA)

Multiple choice questions and hazard perception test



To get your full driving licence you need to pass two tests, the theory test and the practical test.

The theory test is made up of two parts; the multiple-choice part and the hazard perception part, both of which are taken in the same sitting for car and motorcycle tests. If you pass one part and fail the other, you will fail the whole driving theory test, and you will need to take both parts again. Once you have passed the theory test you can then apply to take your practical driving test (car, motorcycle, lorry or bus practical test).

For the hazard perception test there are no separate versions for different vehicles, but the pass mark is different.

Lorry and bus multiple-choice and hazard perception tests are booked and taken separately.

You can practice DVSA driving theory test revision questions online and get ready for your DVSA driving theory test.

Documents you need to take to your exam

The multiple-choice part

The theory test is a computer-based test at tests centres around the country. This section is designed to test your understanding of the theory behind driving.

Before the driving theory test starts you will be given instructions on how the test works. You can also choose to go through a practice session of the multiple-choice questions to get used to the layout of the test. At the end of the practice session the real test will begin.

You will have 57 minutes to complete the test (car and motorcycle test). There is a 15-minute practice session you can work through before starting the tests.

The questions in each multiple choice test vary according to the category of vehicle you're hoping to obtain a licence for, i.e. a motorcycle theory test will contain specific questions that don't appear in any other test.

A question and several answer options will appear on screen and you have to select the correct answer to the question by touching the screen. Some questions may require more than one answer.

You can navigate between questions and 'flag' questions that you want to come back to later in the test. After the multiple-choice part you can choose to have a break of up to three minutes before the hazard perception part starts.

For car and motorcycle theory tests you will be asked 45 randomly selected multiple-choice questions and 5 case study style questions in 57 minutes. You need to get at least 43 right to pass. For lorries and buses you will be asked 100 questions in 1 hour and 55 minutes. The pass mark is 85 out of 100.

The cost of the theory test is £31 and is booked directly with DVSA.


Hazard perception test

After the break you will then be shown a short tutorial video clip about how the hazard perception part works.

This forms a second section of the theory test and must be passed at the same time (cars and motorcycles). This section is designed to test your awareness of potential hazards whilst driving.

The hazard perception part is also delivered on a computer but you respond by clicking a button on the mouse.

You will be presented with a series of 14 video clips each about one minute long, which feature every day road scenes. In each clip there will be at least one developing hazard, but one of the clips will feature two developing hazards.

The videos feature various types of hazard, such as road conditions, vehicles, bicycles, and pedestrians.

The earlier you spot a hazard developing that may require the driver to take some action, the higher the score.

In case of car and motorcycle tests, there are 15 scoreable hazards and candidates can score up to 5 points on each hazard. Lorry and bus tests contain 19 video clips with a total of 20 scoreable hazards (one clip will have two developing hazards).

Unlike the multiple-choice questions, for the hazard perception test there are no separate versions for different vehicles, e.g. car, motorcycle, heavy vehicle etc, each vehicle category takes the same test, however the number of video clips in the test, and the pass mark is different for each category of tests.

You will not be able to review your answers to the hazard perception test; same as on the road, you will only have one chance to respond to the developing hazard.

The pass mark for the car and motorcycle hazard perception part of the theory test is 44 out of 75. For lorries and buses the pass mark is 67 out of 100.

When you have finished the test you may leave the examination room. Once you have left the room, you will not be allowed to re-enter. You will then be given your result and certificate, if you pass, by the test centre staff on the same day.

Booking driving theory test: Booking DVSA theory test appointment

You need to pass both the multiple-choice and hazard perception parts to pass the theory test. You’ll then get a theory test pass certificate. You’ll need the certificate number when you book your practical test.

Your theory test pass certificate lasts for 2 years after taking your test. If you haven’t passed your practical test by then, you’ll need to take and pass the theory test again.

How to Pass the Practical Test

How to Prepare for the Theory Test Online

When can I take my Theory Test for driving?

Free demo Mock Theory Test

Case Studies in DVSA Theory Test

Hazard Perception Mock Test and Practice Online

How Hazard Perception scoring mechanism works?


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